Trafficking with a view to sexual exploitation or prostitution is the most common purpose of trafficking in human beings. According to statistics published by the European Commission (Eurostat – DG for Home Affairs) in 2013, in the European Union between 2008 and 2010, trafficking with a view to sexual exploitation accounted for the majority of trafficking victims (62%), followed by forced labour (25%).
Nowadays in France there are between 15,000 and 20,000 people in street prostitution’s situation. The majority of them are foreign women (Bulgaria, Romania, Nigeria, Cameroon, etc) although not all, of course, are victims of trafficking. Nevertheless, they are vulnerable people, who may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, have health problems, suffer from the effects of the violence and have to face linguistic, administrative and social problems, and are very often victims of procurement and human trafficking.
At that street prostitution, there are other forms of prostitution more subtle but not less important (indoor prostitution: sex shops, massage parlours, hostess bars, student prostitutes etc) where we also find numbers of victims of trafficking.
Photo: Flore-Aël Surun/Secours Catholique