Incitement to commit crimes
Article 225-4-1 of the French Penal Code prescribes that ‘forcing a victim to commit any crime or misdemeanour’ which includes bag-snatching, shoplifting, burglary etc, may constitute human trafficking with a view to inciting crime and is therefore punishable, with this status, by seven years imprisonment and a fine of €150,000.
The most infamous French case of this form of trafficking was the Hamidovic affair in which young girls were exploited by a powerful Bosnia-Herzegovinian network and forced to steal from passengers, particularly Asian tourists, on the Paris Metro. The leaders of the network received up to twelve years in prison.
Photo credit: Eric Panloup